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    Essay Hook常見類型及寫作步驟

    發布時間:2021-02-28 14:03:06 閱讀:1025 作者:致遠教育 字數:2144 字 預計閱讀時間:7分鐘
    導讀:EssayHook指的是文章的開頭語句,通常用在文章的第一句話,以此來吸引讀者的注意力,使他們愿意繼續讀下去。這可以通過使用一些不同類型的掛鉤來實現,比如問題、引用、統計或軼事。

    An essay hook is an opening statement which is usually the first sentence, in an essay that attempts to grab the reader's attention so that they want to read on. It can be done by using a few different types of hooks, which are a question, quote, statistic, or anecdote.

    Essay Hook指的是文章的開頭語句,通常用在文章的第一句話,以此來吸引讀者的注意力,使他們愿意繼續讀下去。這可以通過使用一些不同類型的掛鉤來實現,比如問題、引用、統計或軼事。

    什么是Essay hook

    It’s a piece of writing at the beginning of your essay that engages your reading audience.  Usually, a hook is a sentence or group of sentences that draw people into reading your essay or research paper.A hook sparks a person’s curiosity.  You want whoever reads your essay to wonder what happens next. They are also a way to make an introduction standout.

    Essay Hook有哪些常見類型?

    • * Interesting Question Hook
    • * Strong Statement/Declaration Hook
    • * Fact/Statistic Hook
    • * Metaphor/ Simile Hook
    • * Story Hook
    • * Description Hook
    • * Quotation Hook. 

    Essay Hook常見例句舉例

    Interesting Question Hook

    An interesting question hook is when you ask a question that relates to your essay or paper.  And the only way a person can know the answer to that question is by reading your writing.

    People are inquisitive.  When we hear or read a question we want to know the answer.   If we don’t have an answer then we need to find out.  So, when you start your essay with an interesting question hook, this signals to your readers that if they keep reading you’ll give them the answer.

    在文章的開頭設計一個巧妙的問題是hook常用的一種方式。讀者為了找到答案,在好奇心的趨勢下會繼續閱讀你的文章。但所提的問題應具有一定爭議,需要讀者進行批判性思考,而不是簡單的“yes or no”便能解答。

    Here’s an example of an interesting question hook on the topic of succeeding in college:

    What is the difference between successful college students and unsuccessful college students?  

    The goal of this essay hook is to make you want to learn what students who succeed in college do, and what are college students who don’t succeed in college doing wrong.

    The Strong Statement/Declaration Hook

    A strong statement hook is a sentence that makes an assertive claim about your topic.   It connects to the thesis statement and shows the importance of your essay or paper.

    A strong statement is a great technique because it doesn’t matter if your reader agrees or disagrees with your statement.  They will want to see how you support your statement.

    強烈的陳述鉤指的是對你的主題做出肯定聲明的句子。它連接到主題陳述,并顯示你的文章或論文的重要性。一個強烈的陳述是一個很好的技巧,因為這與你的讀者是否同意你的陳述無關。他們想看看你是如何支持你的陳述的。

    This is an example of a strong statement for the topic of online college classes:

    Online college classes are cheaper and more effective than in-person college classes.    

    This statement either supports your point of view about online classes, or it makes you want to argue against it.  Either way, you are curious about what the writer says.

    The Fact/ Statistic Hook

    Facts and statistics hook your reader because they give real information about a topic.   You can impress your reader with your knowledge and evidence from the very beginning of your essay. But, you need to include facts that are accurate, interesting and reliable.  Evaluate your information and make sure it comes from a credible source.

    在文章的開頭羅列真實的事件和數據,讓你的文章更有權威性和說服力,也容易贏得讀者的信任。

    Here’s an example of a factual hook about an essay on gun ownership in the United States.

    Almost two-thirds of American adults at some point in their life lived in a home with at least one gun. 

    The Metaphor / Simile Hook

    The metaphor/simile hook engages your readers because it makes them think about a topic in a different way.  Your audience wonders what you mean and how you compare a topic to something that seems unconnected.

    A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly compares one thing to another, but these two things seem unrelated.  An example of a metaphor is: Her boyfriend is a rat.

    暗喻能吸引讀者,因為它能讓他們以不同的方式思考一個話題。你文章的讀者會非常想要知道你理解的是什么意思,以及你是如何將一個話題與看似無關的東西進行比較的。暗喻是一種直接將一件事與另一件事進行比較的修辭手法,但這兩件事似乎并不相關。

    The boyfriend is not really a rat, but he behaves like one.

    A simile is like a metaphor.  Both compare two unrelated things to each other, but a simile uses the words like or as to connect them. A simile is less strong than a comparison in a metaphor. For example:  Writing a research paper is like running a marathon when it’s 95 degrees Fahrenheit.

    If your essay topic is on business blogging you could write the metaphor hook:

    A business blog is a magnet pulling clients to a company.  

    Or the simile hook:

    A business blog is like a magnet that pulls clients to a company.

    The Story Hook

    This is a hook where you begin with a short story or episode that relates to your topic.

    Readers love stories, especially a well-written story that is memorable.  The key to a great story hook is making sure the story directly connects to your essay or paper topic.

    Your story can be personal or someone else’s story.

    以故事作為essay開頭,也并不意味著在整篇的議論文中失去嚴謹。相反,故事可以幫助你吸引讀者的注意力,激發他們對這個話題的興趣。

    Here’s an example of a story hook for an essay about the differences between British and American English.   

    I got off the train and pulled my luggage behind me.  A cab pulled up to the curb, and the driver got out.  He lifted my luggage and said, “Miss, I’m just going to put your stuff in the boot.”  I didn’t know what he meant until I saw him open the car’s trunk.  Then I realized the boot means car trunk.  I got in the cab, wondering how many other words would be different in England. 

    The Description Hook

    This is a hook where a vivid description of a scene draws your readers into your writing.  A good description hook will make your reader want to know what comes next in your writing.    It’s most popular in narrative essays, but you can use a description hook with any type of writing (yes even academic papers).   But, like the story hook ask yourself, “Will this description hook be acceptable in this course?”

    這是一個吸引人的地方,用生動的場景描述吸引讀者進入你的寫作世界。一個好的描述吸引會讓你的讀者想要知道你接下來要寫什么。它雖然在在記敘文中比較流行,但你我們其實可以運用在任何類型的寫作中使用。

    Here’s an example of a description hook for a personal narrative essay about saving a dog:

    The dog howled in pain and limped along the side of the road.  His leg was cut and blood streamed down his leg.  

    The Quotation Hook

    This is a hook where you begin your essay with a quotation.  The quotation could be from a famous person, but it doesn’t have to be. You can quote anyone if it connects to what you’re writing about.

    If you write an essay on the topic of education you could begin with: Nelson Mandela said, “Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world.”

    引用名人名言,引用名人名言用它來開場是非常有意思的一種寫作手法。聽聽名人怎么說?或許你不同意,或許你和名人一樣贊同這件事。從而引發讀者思考我要讀下去么?

    If you want to use a quotation for a hook, make sure you quote the words exactly.  Choose quotations where the words are striking, powerful, and/ or memorable.

    Essay hook寫作步驟

    Essay Hook寫作四個簡單步驟

    1.明確讀者

    就像寫作的主體內容一樣,hook sentences也需要有針對性。弄清楚讀者是誰,才能運用技巧,寫出來針對他們的有意思的hook。比如:大學招生官和同齡閱讀者所選擇的吸引他們的方式是不一樣的。

    2.明確寫作目的

    一個優秀的富有吸引力的hook sentences必須為你的寫作目的服務,寫作時要非常清晰的了解寫作目的。

    如果寫是一篇社會議論文的hook sentences可以通過列舉一個令人震驚的事實來增強論點的說服性。如果寫的是愛情故事,那么就可以選擇在開頭寫一段甜蜜浪漫的軼事。如果是一篇關于嚴禁的科學或者生化文章,那么援引一個令人震驚的數據則更具感召力。

    3.選擇恰當類型

    Hook 的寫作方式有很多種。根據選定的目標,和目的,選擇不同的手法。

    4.推敲琢磨

    在明確目標讀者、寫作目的及hook的類型后,就要開始對你的hook進行推敲打磨了。好hook sentence往往需要反復地推敲琢磨,并且盡可能的精煉。因為Hook就是我們文章的畫龍點睛之處,那么,請一定要把重點放在打磨你的hook sentence上吧。

    在北美地區,Essay 的寫作可以說是貫穿了一個學生的整個學術生涯,因此,掌握正確的寫作方法便成了學生們必備的技能之一。對于學生們而言,如果能學會一個規范化的寫作模式,加以練習,經過時間的積累,Essay寫起來自然會得心應手了。

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