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    Essay怎么寫出起承轉合?

    發布時間:2020-04-29 15:20:02 閱讀:1217 作者:致遠教育 字數:1677 字 預計閱讀時間:5分鐘
    導讀:同中文寫作一樣,英文Essay寫作也講究起承轉合,非如此不能達意。那么Essay如何寫出起承轉合呢?熟練掌握一些用來起承轉合的詞語,結合上下文使用,語言才會有更加意義。下文致遠教育小編就為大家分享五種實現Essay寫作起承轉合的方法。

    同中文寫作一樣,英文Essay寫作也講究起承轉合,非如此不能達意。那么Essay如何寫出起承轉合呢?熟練掌握一些用來起承轉合的詞語,結合上下文使用,語言才會有更加意義。下文致遠教育小編就為大家分享五種實現Essay寫作起承轉合的方法。

    Essay怎么寫出起承轉合?

    Essay寫作中良好的起承轉合是通過以下五種主要方法實現的,分別是:

    1.重復的語句/想法(repeated words/ideas)

    2.參考詞(reference words)

    3.過渡信號(transition signals)

    4.替代詞(substitution)

    5.省略詞(ellipsis)

    下面我們分別來看這五種起承轉合的方法:

    第一種:重復的語句/想法(repeated words/ideas)

    實現銜接的第一種方法是重復你想要說的主題,或者使用不同的單詞(同義詞)重復文章的主要思想。

    Example:

    Cohesion is an important feature of academic writing. It can help ensure that your writing coheres or 'sticks together', which will make it easier for the reader to follow the main ideas in your essay or report. You can achieve good cohesion by paying attention to five important features. The first of these is repeated words. The second key feature is reference words. The third one is transition signals. The fourth is substitution. The final important aspect is ellipsis.

    在本例中,銜接(Cohesion)這個詞被多次使用,包括用作動詞(Coheres)。在學術寫作中,同學們應該盡量避免過多的重復,因此更應該使用不同的詞形或同義詞。寫作(Writing)這個詞也被多次使用,包括散文或報告(Essay or Report),這都是寫作的同義詞。重要特征(Important features)這個詞也被重復,例子中使用了同義詞:關鍵特征,重要方面(Key feature, Important aspect)。

    第二種:參考詞(reference words)

    參考詞是指文本中其他地方提到的東西的詞,通常在前面的句子中。最常見的類型是代詞,如“it”、“this”或“these”。再研究一下前面的例子。

    Example:

    Cohesion is an important feature of academic writing. It can help ensure that your writing coheres or 'sticks together', which will make it easier for the reader to follow the main ideas in your essay or report. You can achieve good cohesion by paying attention to five important features. The first of these is repeated words. The second key feature is reference words. The third one is transition signals. The fourth is substitution. The final important aspect is ellipsis.

    在上面的例子中,單詞it,which和這些都是參考詞。前兩個詞,it和which,都指前一句中使用的“銜接” (Cohesion)。最后一個these,這些,指的是“重要特征”,同樣在它前面的句子中使用。

    Essay怎么寫出起承轉合?

    第三種:過渡信號(transition signals)

    過渡信號,又稱銜接手段或連接詞,是表示思想之間關系的詞或短語。過渡信號有許多不同的類型,其中最常見的類型示例如下:

    for example - used to give examples

    用于舉例

    in contrast - used to show a contrasting or opposite idea

    用來表示對比或相反的想法

    first - used to show the first item in a list

    用于顯示列表中的第一項

    as a result - used to show a result or effect

    用于顯示結果或效果

    再研究一下前面的例子。這一次,轉換信號以粗體顯示。這里,轉換信號簡單地給出了一個序列,與五個重要特征相關:第一(First)、第二(Second)、第三(Third)、第四(Fourth)和最后(Final)。

    Example:

    Cohesion is an important feature of academic writing. It can help ensure that your writing coheres or 'sticks together', which will make it easier for the reader to follow the main ideas in your essay or report. You can achieve good cohesion by paying attention to five important features. The first of these is repeated words. The second key feature is reference words. The third one is transition signals. The fourth is substitution. The final important aspect is ellipsis.

    第四種:替代詞(substitution)

    替換是指使用一個或多個單詞替換文本中先前使用的一個或多個單詞。從語法上講,它與指稱詞相似,主要區別在于替代詞通常僅限于被替代詞后面的從句,而指稱詞可以指的是文本中很久以前的某個詞。最常用的代詞是one,so和do,have,be等助動詞。

    例如:“Drinking alcohol before driving is illegal in many countries, since doing so can seriously impair one's ability to drive safely.”

    “在許多國家,開車前飲酒是違法的,因為這樣做會嚴重損害一個人的安全駕駛能力”

    在這句話中,短語 'doing so' (這樣做)代替了出現在句子開頭的短語 'drinking alcohol before driving' (開車前喝酒)。

    回顧之前的例子,里面只有一個替換的例子:單詞one,它替換短語“important features”(重要特征)。

    Example:

    Cohesion is an important feature of academic writing. It can help ensure that your writing coheres or 'sticks together', which will make it easier for the reader to follow the main ideas in your essay or report. You can achieve good cohesion by paying attention to five important features. The first of these is repeated words. The second key feature is reference words. The third one is transition signals. The fourth is substitution. The final important aspect is ellipsis.

    第五種:省略詞(ellipsis)

    省略意味著省略一個或多個單詞,因為上下文中的意思已經足夠清楚,所以即使是省略了這個詞,也不會導致文章意思改變。

    Example:

    Cohesion is an important feature of academic writing. It can help ensure that your writing coheres or 'sticks together', which will make it easier for the reader to follow the main ideas in your essay or report. You can achieve good cohesion by paying attention to five important features. The first of these is repeated words. The second key feature is reference words. The third one is transition signals. The fourth is substitution. The final important aspect is ellipsis.

    之前的例文中有一個省略的例子:“the fourth(第四個是)”,意思是“第四個[重要特征]是”,所以“important features(重要特征)”這個詞被省略了。

    除此之外,我們還為大家準備了一些其他類型的常用銜接詞語/短語,以備寫essay時的不時之需。

    Additive words附加詞 Also, and, as well as, at the same time as, besides, equally important, further, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, too, not only... but also.
     Amplification words放大詞 As, for example, for instance, in fact, specifically, such as, that is, to illustrate.
    Repetitive words重復用詞 Again, in other words, that is, to repeat.
    Contrast words對比詞 But, conversely, despite, even though, however, in contrast, notwithstanding, on the one hand / on the other hand, still, although, though, whereas, yet, nevertheless, on the contrary, in spite of this.
     Cause and effect words因果詞 Accordingly, as a result, because, consequently, for this reason, since, as, so, then, therefore, thus.
    Qualifying words限定詞 Although, if, even, therefore, unless.
    Example例子 For example, for instance.
    For example, for instance. Above all, more/most importantly.
    Reason words推理詞 For this reason, owing to this, therefore.
    Order words順序詞 Afterwards, at the same time, before, firstly/secondly, formerly, lastly, finally, later, meanwhile, next, now, presently, today/yesterday/last week/next year, subsequently, then, until, ultimately, while, historically, in the end, eventually.
    Explanation解釋 In other words, that is to say.
     Attitude態度 Naturally, of course, certainly, strangely enough, surprisingly, fortunately, unfortunately, admittedly, undoubtedly.
    Summary摘要/總結 Finally, in conclusion, in short, to summarise.

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