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    《殺死一只知更鳥》讀后感寫作技巧及范文參考

    發布時間:2021-08-31 13:34:20 閱讀:401 作者:致遠教育 字數:5488 字 預計閱讀時間:13分鐘
    導讀:《殺死一只知更鳥》是必讀的經典書籍之一,而在國外大學常以《殺死一只知更鳥》讀后感作為課后作業出現,由于文化差異,我們的中國留學生對美國歷史知識的缺乏,很難寫出一篇優秀的讀后感,本文為大家分享《殺死一只知更鳥》讀后感寫作技巧及范文參考。

    《殺死一只知更鳥》是必讀的經典書籍之一,而在國外大學常以《殺死一只知更鳥》讀后感作為課后作業出現,由于文化差異,我們的中國留學生對美國歷史知識的缺乏,很難寫出一篇優秀的讀后感,本文為大家分享《殺死一只知更鳥》讀后感寫作技巧及范文參考。

    《殺死一只知更鳥》插圖

    文章目錄

    1.殺死一只知更鳥的歷史背景

    2.殺死一只知更鳥的劇情簡介

    3.人物分析: 每個角色的發展

    4.殺死一只知更鳥中提出的三大主題

    5.殺死一只知更鳥讀后感的題目

    6.殺死一只知更鳥讀后感的幾篇優秀范文

    文章正文

    1.殺死一只知更鳥的歷史背景

    1960年7月11日,34歲的小說家奈爾·哈珀·李發表了她的第一部小說《殺死一只知更鳥》。

    《殺死一只知更鳥》的故事背景是阿拉巴馬州的一個小鎮,很像李的家鄉門羅維爾,書中有許多不可磨滅的人物,包括書中的假小子敘述者讓·路易斯·芬奇(被稱為 "斯科特")、神秘的隱士布·拉德利和斯科特的父親阿提克斯·芬奇, 一位正直的律師,為一個被指控強奸白人婦女的黑人辯護。該書現在是初中和高中課堂的主要內容, 也是許多審查工作的主題,它生動地描述了大蕭條時期南方吉姆·克羅時代的生活。

    20世紀50年代中期,Lee 追隨她的寫作夢想來到了紐約,在那里她的童年好友杜魯門-卡波特已經在文學界贏得了名聲。很快,李就寫出了一本名為《守望者》(Go Set a Watchman)的小說手稿,之后李又花了兩年時間重寫這本書,將修訂后的手稿稱為《殺死一只知更鳥》。這部小說一問世就很快受到了廣大讀者的喜愛,也獲得了極大的成功。1961年贏得了普利策獎,并在1962年被拍成奧斯卡獲獎電影,由格里高利·派克扮演阿提克斯·芬奇。這部小說還在1961年贏得了全國基督徒和猶太人會議的兄弟獎,并在1961年成為《最佳賣家》雜志的 "年度平裝書"。

    2.殺死一只知更鳥簡介: 簡短的劇情介紹

    《殺死一只知更鳥》的故事發生在20世紀30年代中期的阿拉巴馬州梅科姆小鎮。故事由六歲的假小子斯科特·芬奇講述,他與律師父親阿提克斯和十歲的弟弟杰姆一起生活。在小說中,斯科特、杰姆和他們的朋友迪爾試圖讓他們隱居的鄰居布·拉德利離開他的房子,布在十幾歲的時候就沒有在梅崗鎮出現過。

    梅科姆的許多居民都是種族主義者,在小說中,當鎮上的黑人居民湯姆·羅賓遜被誣陷強奸了白人婦女瑪耶拉·埃維爾時,阿提克斯不顧社區的威脅,同意為他辯護,盡管每個人都知道阿提克斯幾乎沒有獲勝的希望,但他還是接下了這個案子。雖然從證據中可以看出湯姆無罪,但還是被判入獄,之后湯姆在試圖從監獄逃跑的途中被槍擊中而亡。

    生活看似恢復了平靜,但是在萬圣節晚上,白人婦女瑪耶拉·埃維爾的父親鮑伯·埃維爾在黑夜中偷襲杰姆和斯科特,杰姆身受重傷,隱居鄰居布·拉德利刺傷了尤厄爾救了他們。為了保護布的隱私,警長認定鮑勃·埃維爾是在與杰姆搏斗時倒在了自己的刀下。布·拉德利回到家里,再也沒有人看到他。

    《殺死一只知更鳥》插圖

    3.殺死一只知更鳥人物分析: 每個角色的發展

    ● 斯科特(Scout)

    讓·路易斯·芬奇是寡居的律師阿提克斯·芬奇的女兒。故事開始時,她已經快六歲了,那時以她的小名被稱為 "斯科特"。斯科特是個徹頭徹尾的假小子,她熱心、好奇、善于觀察。她的父親在她很小的時候就教她讀書,所以她有能力吸收任何她發現的信息。她的成熟和智慧遠遠超過了她的年齡,這一點在梅崗鎮的成年公民看來并不總是那么好。即使在六歲的時候,斯科特也表現出她思想開放,心胸開闊。她把人看成是獨立的個體,不會因為他們的膚色而對他們有偏見。在書的結尾,當她九歲的時候,她學會了處理這樣一個事實,即這個世界并不像她長大后所相信的那樣善良或可敬。

    ● 杰姆(Jem)

    杰里米·阿提克斯·芬奇是斯科特的哥哥,在小說開始時只有10歲。他和斯科特一樣具有豐富的想象力和好奇心,尤其是在涉及到隱居的布·拉德利時,但他也有能力進行思考和考慮。杰姆比其他同齡男孩更加內向,也許是因為他想念自己的母親(母親在本書事件發生前三到四年就去世了)。有時我們會看到年輕的杰姆與正在成長的杰姆發生沖突,這種二元對立,或人格分裂,使他的性格更加真實。

    ● 阿提克斯(Atticus)

    阿提克斯·芬奇是阿拉巴馬州梅科姆的一名律師,也是杰姆和斯科特的喪偶父親。阿提克斯在個人和職業上都很受尊重。他是一個誠實的人,有一顆開放的心,一個敏捷而公正的頭腦,以及溫和的性格。同時,阿提克斯在做任何事情時都很堅強很專注。他的冷靜和法律素養給了他堅實的后盾和信念的力量,特別是在湯姆的種族歧視的強奸案中。鄰居莫迪小姐告訴杰姆和斯科特,梅崗鎮的公民對他們的父親給予了極大的贊揚,因為他們相信他能做正確的事情。在整部小說中,阿提克斯表現出他絕不辜負這種信任。

    ● 卡爾普尼婭(Calpurnia)

    自杰姆出生以來,卡爾普尼婭一直是芬奇家的廚師。當阿提克斯的妻子去世后,她成了孩子們的母親形象,也是一個嚴格的管教者。阿提克斯認為她是家庭中不可或缺的成員。她的存在使杰姆和斯科特對非裔美國人的社區有了深入的了解,并對梅崗鎮的種族緊張關系有了更深的認識??柶漳釈I是一個強有力的人物,有點像女版的阿提克斯。雖然她可能沒有接受過廣泛的正規教育,但她從生活的經歷中獲得了許多智慧。她和阿提克斯一樣,不急于評判,這在種族分裂的梅科姆鎮是一種罕見的品質??柶漳釈I是黑人和白人社區之間的橋梁,她認識湯姆·羅賓遜,這使阿提克斯的案件更加個人化。

    ● 布·拉德利(Boo Radley)

    阿瑟·雷德利,或稱 "布",是一個隱居的鄰居,他住在芬奇家附近一棟不祥的房子里,多年來一直沒有人看到他。根據當地的傳說,布的父親在布十幾歲時陷入法律糾紛后,把他囚禁在這所房子里。孩子們對小布的恐懼和偏見與鎮上對湯姆·羅賓遜的偏見并行不悖,后者被指控強奸了一名白人婦女。但是,真正的小布與鎮上的人所認為的完全不同。在小說的結尾,孩子們對這個曾經是他們好奇和恐懼對象的人有了更細微和同情的看法。

    ● 迪爾(Dill)

    查爾斯·貝克·哈里斯,又稱迪爾,是芬奇家隔壁鄰居瑞秋·哈弗福德的六歲侄子。杰姆和斯科特在小說的開頭遇到了他,當時他來這里過暑假。迪爾成了杰姆和斯科特的好朋友,阿提克斯和卡爾普尼婭也把他當作自己人。迪爾在母親再婚后穿梭于各個親戚之間,用生動的想象力保護自己。當他聽到布·拉德利的故事時,他引誘杰姆和斯科特幫助他把隱居的布從他的房子里引出來。

    ● 鮑勃·依威爾(Bob Ewell)

    鮑勃·依威爾是瑪耶拉·伊威爾的父親,也是湯姆·羅賓遜的指控者。他沒有工作,是個種族主義者,經常把用來養活他眾多孩子的救濟支票花光。隨著審判的展開,他對為湯姆·魯濱遜辯護的阿提克斯·芬奇變得更加好斗和惡毒。他是一個種族主義者,因為這讓他可以看不起別人,他不懂仁慈,也沒有善意。他尤其有一種強烈的自卑感,在這個案例中,這種自卑感是由湯姆·魯賓遜引起的,他在審判中一度說,他為瑪耶拉-伊維爾感到難過,因為她沒有人幫助她。出于無知,鮑勃·依威爾認為湯姆·羅賓遜對他女兒的同情是對他和他家人的侮辱。

    ● 湯姆·羅賓遜(Tom Robinson)

    湯姆·羅賓遜是被指控強奸梅耶拉·尤厄爾的黑人。湯姆25歲左右,心地善良,已婚,有孩子,為人誠實,工作努力。湯姆不幸住在尤厄爾家附近。當梅耶拉·尤厄爾在小事情上請求他的幫助時,他答應了,因為他知道她的父親從不幫助她。不幸的是,正是湯姆的體貼讓鮑勃·尤厄爾看到了他,就像被殺死的知更鳥一樣,他最終被毀滅了。

    《殺死一只知更鳥》書面封皮

    4.殺死一只知更鳥中提出的三大主題

    哈珀·李在小說討論許多主題, 其中最重要的是偏見。然而, 在整部"殺死一只知更鳥"中, 她也選了著重討論家庭生活和勇氣的主題。

    (1) 偏見

    小說中有好幾個人物都表現出了偏見。許多住在梅科姆的人都是種族主義者,對黑人有偏見。例如,湯姆·羅賓遜被認為性侵了梅耶拉·埃維爾,僅僅因為他是黑人,而她是白人,即使證據表明他是無辜的,也難逃入獄之災。

    然而,種族歧視并不是小說中的唯一的偏見。梅崗鎮的許多居民也是心胸狹窄,不容忍任何不符合他們期望的人。因為從十幾歲起就沒有出過門,布·拉德利也受到迫害和流言蜚語,他們認為布是一個陰暗的人物。正是鄰居們的閑言碎語導致杰姆把布想象成一個怪物。

    小說中作者主要通過以下幾個方面體現“偏見”這個主題:

    湯姆·羅賓遜的審判

    亞歷山德拉姑媽的傳教士茶

    布·雷德利被對待的方式

    梅崗鎮的人們對多爾弗斯·雷蒙德的孩子的反應

    (2) 家庭生活

    《殺死一只知更鳥》中有好幾個家族,而且每個家族都非常不同。哈珀·李明確表示,芬奇一家是她最認同的一家,也是她認為鄰居們都應該效仿的一家。小說中,阿提克斯作為父親,是一個理想的榜樣。他公正、寬容、公平。他對杰姆和斯科特都很平等,也很成熟,作為回報,孩子們都叫他杰姆而不是爸爸。這說明阿提克斯把他們的意見看得同等重要,他想讓孩子們知道,他會像對待年輕人一樣對待他們。鼓勵他們以成熟的方式行事,以成年人的方式對待身邊的人和事。

    像芬奇家和他們的鄰居,如莫迪小姐和瑞秋姨媽,都被視為中產階級,但埃維爾家被視為白色垃圾。白人垃圾一詞指的是白人,特別是生活在美國南部各州的白人,他們很窮,生活水平很低。這個詞第一次聽到是在1830年,最初是由被奴役的黑人用來形容貧窮的白人。有錢的白人后來開始用這個詞來描述那些他們認為在社會上比他們低下的白人。

    小說中作者主要通過以下幾個方面體現“家庭生活”這個主題:

    阿提克斯對待孩子的方式

    家庭傳承

    其他黑人家庭對海倫·羅賓遜的幫助

    (3) 勇氣

    小說中的幾個人物都展現出了可嘉的勇氣。首先, 阿提克斯是一個勇敢的人, 他同意為湯姆·羅賓遜辯護, 即使他知道這將給他自己和他的家庭帶來困難, 知道他贏得這個案子的希望不大。

    小說中還有其他關于勇氣的例子。莫迪小姐在拒絕為她的房子被燒毀而難過時表現出勇氣。相反,她保持樂觀,提醒大家她現在可以擁有她一直渴望的大花園了。布·拉德利在阻止鮑勃·艾維爾傷害杰姆和斯科特時葉表現出了勇氣。

    作者主要通過以下幾個方面體現“勇氣”這個主題:

    阿提克斯為湯姆·羅賓遜辯護

    阿提克斯對槍支的態度

    杜伯斯夫人在臨終時決心不使用嗎啡

    《殺死一只知更鳥》書本

    5.殺死一只知更鳥讀后感的題目

    我們的專業代寫專家給學生準備了幾個可以參考的"To kill a mocking bird"讀后感的題目。

    ● Analyze the relationship between Boo Radley and the children. How does this relationship change throughout the book? What are the causes of the developments in this relationship?

    ● Although criticized openly, Atticus is respected throughout the town of Maycomb. Why is this true?

    ● Discuss the concept of education. Does Lee argue for a dominance of education in the home or institutionalized education? What evidence does she provide?

    ● Discuss the concept of family and Lee's presentation of the American family. What does it consist of?

    ● Trace Boo Radley's development from monster to savior. How does Scout's understanding of Boo develop? What lessons does Boo teach Scout?

    ● Scout and Jem mature considerably through the course of the novel. What developmental changes do they go through, and what causes these changes?

    ● Discuss the concept of fear as presented in the novel. Compare the children's early fear of Boo Radley to their fear or lack thereof when Bob Ewell attacks them. Is Scout correct in stating that real fear can only be found in books?

    ● Discuss law as it is represented in To Kill A Mockingbird. What power and limitations exist within the legal system according to Atticus, Jem, and Scout?

    ● Discuss Atticus's approach to parenting. What is his relationship with his children? Can his parenting style be criticized? If so, how?

    6.殺死一只知更鳥讀后感范文

    致遠教育小編在這里推薦兩篇優秀的《殺死一只知更鳥》讀后感范文,大家可以參考一下:

    范文一:To Kill a Mockingbird Analytical Essay

    In the grips of the Great Depression, the people of May comb county were not only poor, but also faced disrespect, conformity, and most importantly,prejudice.Prejudice is a preconceived notion about a person based on the group to which that person belongs.It is the act of“prejudging”a person without knowing who they truly are.When prevalent in society, prejudice is dangerous.It excludes people from society, stands in the way of justice,and prevents friendships.The judgment prevents a community from living peacefully together.And, it is just as absurd as it is dangerous.InTo KillA Mockingbird, Harper Lee demonstrate show prejudice is a fault to society of May comb County.

    An example of prejudice is when Boo Radley is excluded from society just because he is not like everyone else.He is different because he never comes out of his house.For this reason, his neighbors have not had a chance to know him well.Instead of trying to understand him, they create rumors about what he does and his family history.

    On page 13, Jem describes Boo Radley by saying, “Boo was about six-and a-half feet tall, judging from his tracks; he dined on raw squirrels and any cat she could catch, that's why his hands were bloodstained-if you ate an animal raw, you could never wash the blood off.There was along jagged scar that ran across his face; what teeth he had were yellow and rotten; his eyes popped, and he drooled most of the time.”In this passage, Jem is prejudging what Boo looks like.He claims that his hands are bloodstained from hunting his food and eating it raw, making him seem like a wild animal as opposed to a human being.This mythical idea of Boo Radley is a judgment that Jem did not have the evidence to support.Due to this act of prejudice, the kids do not go near his house and the townspeople are led to believe that they should fear him.They treat him differently than everyone else and exclude him based on their prejudiced ideas.

    Another major example of prejudice is in the court case of Tom Robinson.Tom is being accused in raping May ella Ewell.Mr.Ewell, a whiteman, is defending his daughter against Tom,a blackman.Although Tom is clearly innocent, he loses the trial.Jem, whois sitting in on the trial, complains about the outcome and believes it'sun fair.In response, Atticus says, “In our court, when it'sa whiteman'sword against a blackman's, the whiteman's always wins.They're ugly, but those are the facts

    of life”(220) .Atticus makes this bold statement because all the evidence is in Tom's favor, but he loses anyway.Tom loses the case because his word was less important than a whiteman's.Tom is inferior to the Ewell family because of his skin color.Racism.not truth has determined the outcome of the trial.Atticus understands this fault of society.Although it was unfair, he realizes that prejudice, not justice, determined the case.

    Next example of prejudice in the novel is when Aunt Alexandra judges Scout's friend to be“lower in society”due to his family history and their lack of wealth.In chapter 23, Aunt Alexandra uses prejudice when she describes Walter Cunningham by saying, "Because-he-is-trash, that's why you can't play with him.Ill not have you around him, picking up his habits and learning Lord-knows-what”(225) .Aunt Alexandra judges Walter to be“trash”because he comes from a poor family.She claims that he is a lesser person because of his economic status.This is an unfair judgment because although he comes from a family that struggles economically, it does not mean that Walter is a bad person with bad habits.She did not consider his character, simply his material wealth.Aunt Alexandra's prejudice prevented Scout from being a friend to Walter.

    Harper Lee shows many instances in which prejudice takes place in May comb County.Prejudice is shown towards Boo Radley, Tom Robinson, and Walter Cunningham, in which people's perspectives about others are determined before getting to know them.Prejudice is a common theme throughout the whole novel, and this affect show society was viewed in this time of history.

    范文二:What role does Boo Radley play in Scout and Jem's lives and in their development?

    In To Killa Mockingbird,children live in an inventive world where mysteries abound but little exists to actually cause them harm.Scout and Jem spend much of their time inventing stories about their reclusive neighbor Boo Radley, gleefully scaring themselves before rushing to the secure, calming presence of their father, Atticus.As the novel progresses, however, the imaginary threat that Boo Radley poses pales in comparison to the real dangers Jemand Scout encounter in the adult world.The siblings recognition of the difference between the two pushes them out of childhood and toward maturity—and as they make that transition, Boo Radley, their childhood bogeyman, helps serve as link between their past and their present.

    The games and stories Jemand Scout create around Boo Radley depict him as a source of violence and danger.However, though these inventions seem designed to prove the children's brave ness and maturity, they paradoxically prove that Jem, Scout, and their friend Dill fundamentally remain children.Their stories are gruesome, and the thrill of their games-such as touching the side of Boo's house—comes from the danger they imagine they would face if Boo were to catch them.However, the children are able to indulge in wild imaginings and take what they perceive as risky chances only because they feel completely safe in the care of Atticus, who protects them from a dark, dangerous world.The threatening, menacing Boo thus remains firmly entrenched in their childhood worldview, where adults are infallible and all-powerful.

    When adult protection breaks down in the novel, Jemand Scout get their first taste of true danger, which is different from the imagined dangers they'd attributed to Boo Radley.The fire at Miss Maudie's, Mrs.Dubose's grisly death.and the violence and unrest that trails in the wake of the Tom Robinson case introduce real misfortune and anxiety into their lives.For the first time,adults are frightened and sad along with the children, and therefore can not be counted on to provide security or refuge.Boo, once such a threatening presence, now seems like a remnant of a more innocent time.The contrast between then and now seems all the more stark because Boo Radley remains in their lives, a constant reminder of how things had been before.

    Faced with real dangers, Jemand Scout must tap into new levels of maturity to deal with tragedy, new social challenges, and increased familial expectations.As their relationship with Atticus and the adult

    community changes, their relationship with Boo changes as well.Once a creepy, mostly abstract figure, Boo begins playing a more active role in their lives, first by protecting Scout with a blanket during Miss Maudie's fire and then by protecting Jemand Scout from an attack by Bob Ewell.Boo had been an integral part of Jemand Scout's childhood, and, in the midst of their burgeoning adulthood, he serves as a link between their past and present.Once an imagined enemy and a source of perceived danger,Boo transforms into a true friend and ally, helping them at crucial moments in their transition from childhood to maturity.

    The children's early perspective of“danger”centered on Boo Radley, and only by understanding the contrast between these imagined dangers and the real ones of the adult world can they pass from childhood into adulthood.But the children's shifting interactions with Boo points to another element of maturity as well:the capacity for empathy.Once simply an eccentric figure in the children's games, Boo ultimately becomes a true human being to them-one who has endured more than his fair share of tragedy and deserves his fair share of honor, respect, and affection.

     

    "To Kill a Mocking Bird" 的確是一本非常受歡迎的小說,被翻譯成四十多種語言,暢銷于世界各地。這部小說以一個小女孩視角構思,她用強烈的愛心,帶著我們切身感受那個時代種族歧視所帶來的罪惡,我們可以通過小女孩的成長過程感知,這世間還有不可毀滅的愛與真知。當你靜下心來細細品味這部小說,方能寫出一篇發自內心的真實感悟。

    如果你來不及看完這本小說或者由于大量作業根本沒有時間閱讀“殺死一只知更鳥”并撰寫讀后感,您可以隨時找我們作業代寫專家的幫助。他們將幫您撰寫優秀的讀后感,這樣您就會更深度理解"To Kill a Mocking Bird"的內容,以及有空的時候自己仔細閱讀這本小說!

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